CPN-Maoist on Juche in DPRK

The following article is from the Red Star, a newspaper of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), a party that after waging people’s war in that country for over a decade now leads a revolutionary coalition government:

Mao Zedong with Korean revolutionary leader Kim Il Sung

Mao Zedong with Korean revolutionary leader Kim Il Sung

Jucche ideology leading to socialism

– Krishna Bahadur Mahara

After meeting with the Ambassador of Democratic People’s Republic (DPR) of Korea in Nepal, I accepted the invitation to go to Korea in September 2008. I was specially invited by the department of Information and Communication of DPR Korea to share bilateral experiences in information and communication.

The Korean political power was established through the accomplishment of a historic revolution and the continuous struggle against the remnants of the domestic feudalism inside and against imperialism outside.

In our visit, we met with the president and four vice presidents of the department of Information and Communication of DPR of Korea. One of the four vice presidents assisted us during our visit there. We formally talked with president and after we visited the Deputy General Director of International Department of the Labor Party of Korea. Our further visit was with the president of the Presidium of People’s Assembly.

The Korean people have their own history established after a protracted People’s war. We have our own clear understanding that Korea is strictly fighting against the intervention of imperialism. Therefore, we were curious to learn about Korea. It’s a natural thing to have friendly relationships between a country advancing ahead to build socialism and our party the CPN (Maoist). Although the situation of the two countries is quite different, we felt that we are similar in our agendas of independence, nationality, People’s Liberty and in building a prosperous nation with a strategic vision. The government of the People’s Republic of Korea and the Korean people has positive views towards Nepal and the Nepalese People.

Political Situation of DPR of Korea:

Some of our friends were telling us that the visit of Korea would not be so fruitful. They told us that Korea is a country isolated from the world. They have negative views towards Korea. However, as we reached Korea, we did not see this was the case. On the contrary, we found People’s Republican Korea prosperous and widely connected with world.

While viewing the political situation of any country, we should pay attention towards the leadership and the ideology that has been developed. Kim Ill Sung has developed the Juchhe ideology as a unique contribution to the international communist movement. The political system is under the command of the Korean Labor Party. Many institutions and organizations are freely operating there. Some of the institutions and organizations have neutral ideas. The Korean Labor Party has secured its position in the power. Under the Presidium of the People’s Assembly, there is a People’s Army and people’s powers. From the point of view of multiparty competition, the political system of Korea seems a closed system; however, there is no feeling of it being a closed system as we enter into the inner part of the political system. There is a committee system from top to grass roots level; citizens have authority of fundamental rights. There is a full democratic tradition to take part in discussion and debate openly. There is a systematic process to exercise democracy and synthesize the opinions of the people. In our visit and talks, we felt that a harmonious environment has been created between the state power, party, institutions and organizations for discussion and debate. The people have accepted the political power heartily. The political power has always accepted and given priority to the sentiment of the people and their necessity.

The state has provided free education and health. Everybody is employed. The government has given its priority on the fundamental rights of the people. It is fully responsible towards the people. The Korean people want to end the demarcation of North and South. They are in favor of the unification of Korea. The Korean people want the US army to leave the South. They desire the unification of Korea without external intervention.

Political Power: authoritarian or democratic?

In our point of view, the government that is imposed on the people against the interests, ambitions and aspirations of the people is authoritarian. The government of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea is more democratic. If the political power is run following the aspirations of the people, it is not totalitarian. The political power cannot be totalitarian. The government is responsible to all the sectors of the Korean people. There is a close relationship between the government and the people. The charge of ‘totalitarian’ is the propaganda of imperialism to conceal their misdeeds in their “democratic” countries. The Korean people strongly deny these kinds of imperialist propaganda.

I got opportunity to see some historical and cultural programs held there. We watched sports, cultural fairs and festivals. There was a huge volunteer participation of the people. We saw that the political power of Korea has not created any compulsion or obstruction against the will and aspiration of the people. They are free to think and advance ahead to develop their talent and skill. The government has given priority to their fundamental view point. The government respects and addresses public opinion and aspiration.

The government honors the qualification and capacity of the doctors, scientists, professor and scholars. We observed the Grand People’s Study Center. The young have good opportunities to develop their talent.

There is no demarcation of class division from common people to the level of the government. All have the opportunity for employment. The government has addressed the preliminary needs of the people appropriately and scientifically.

Economic condition:

The most important thing is that the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea has its ultimate goal to reach to socialism. The state power has developed its economic plans and programs following the track to the socialism. The first basic thing for it is that nobody is unemployed and everybody is contributing to secure a socialist goal. The second is that the work of building infrastructure is rapidly progressing. America and Europe are now in the whirlpool of economic crisis. They attack Korea only to conceal their faults and failure. The state power has made a 4-year plan to connect its national railway links with the remote villages of the country. The government has extended its internal communication throughout the country. Publication and publicity is on a broad scale. However, in Korea, people are very hopeful about their future and the full prosperity of the nation.

The economy of Korea is neither backward nor advanced. However, there has been a lot of economic development and it is continuously progressing. It is false that the Korean people are dying without food. The base of the economic progress is a cooperative system. These cooperatives are small, mid and large. People work in these cooperatives for their own livelihood and for contribution to the nation. Even private sectors are working there. There are big hotels. The government has applied a measurement for the investment of private sector.

I have seen that the socio-cultural transformation is progressing rapidly according to the need of Korea. From our 5 day visit to Korea, we have came to know that the government has adapted to the speed of the world along with science and technology. The people are in favor of progressive socio-cultural transformation. There is no inequality and discrimination.

Juchhe ideology and the aspiration of the People

Two things have deep influence over people: one the question of leadership and the other the question of ideology. People have unfathomable affection and honor to com. Kim Ill Sung. They address him “Father of the motherland”. The immortal contribution to the nation and its people by Kim Ill Sung is directly related with the liberty and independence of the Korean people. The Korean Labor party has adopted the Juchhe ideology as its guiding ideology.

The ideology has four aspects. First, Juchhe ideology gives emphasis to the unity among the workers, peasants and intellectuals. There is sickle, hammer and pen in the flag of Korean Labor Party. Second, they have held ideology strongly and concretized it into formula that ‘Man is the master of everything and can decide everything.’ It strongly grasps the conception and spirit of Marxism-Leninism-Maoism that ‘only the people are the creators of history’.

Third is the principle of Independence means ‘standing on ones own feet’. The fourth one is the strong sentimental unity between leaders and people. An ideology without mass sentiment is worthless. It cannot serve the nation and its people. Korean people say that Kim Ill Sung was progressive ideologically and he has a deep love to the people.

Military policy

In course of our visit, we talked about the People’s Army. Korea calls its military strategy the “Sangun Policy”. The essence of the policy is to make the People’s Army strong for the protection of socialism. The People’s Army should always be strong for national independence and its people.

Korea has a long history of fighting against Japanese and American imperialism. If we review this history, the policy of the security of the nation is the obligation of Korea and the Korean people. Making a strong People’s Army is a necessity for the Korean people. This is necessary due to the war imposed by imperialism because there is a long history of inhuman massacres by imperialists. More than 10 million people lost their lives in such imperialist interventions. Each Korean family is a family of martyrs. We went to the War Museum there. After the seeing the War Museum, everyone is confident that the military policy of Korea is objectively correct.

International relationship:

In the course of our visit, we viewed the International friendship Exhibition. There were innumerable gifts and prizes given to Kim Ill Sung by the international friends and institutions and the people. If we take one minute for each item, 1 minute, it would take one and a half years to look at all the items present. Not only from international friends, but also Kim Ill Sung has met people from all over Korea. He has visited many places inside the country. Tourists in large numbers are visiting Korea. We found that tourists wandering over many areas in the country. The tourists are from Europe, America and other continents as well. There is always a crowd of tourist to see the international friendship exhibition. Korea has adopted a peaceful and friendly international diplomatic policy.

(As told to Red Star reporter)

16 responses to “CPN-Maoist on Juche in DPRK

  1. The bulk of the “totalitarian” and “starving” myths we hear from the DPRK aren’t backed up by proof. I am totally shocked that the only way the American public is supposed to think about the DPRK is what they see on TV or even worse what they “hear”. Fortunately there are honest people like Bruce Cumings out there who are trying to get the truth about the DPRK known. Lets hope we never have to see scholars going in the archives of the DPRK to find the truth like they do in Russia b/c when that comes the DPRK will be no more.

  2. Shh! Don’t let the “non-Stalinian Maoist” fanboys hear about this! They might have to “reconceive” all over again :(

  3. I’m wondering if anyone has an idea of what is meant by “neutral” in the following paragraph?

    “The political system is under the command of the Korean Labor Party. Many institutions and organizations are freely operating there. Some of the institutions and organizations have neutral ideas. The Korean Labor Party has secured its position in the power.”

    Does “neutral” essentially mean that they do not follow, but also do not oppose the Korean Labor Party?

    • Neutral as in centrist parties.

      • Justin said “Neutral as in centrist parties”. Can you explain that more? I am unaware.

        Also, what are some examples of institutions and organizations that have neutral ideas?

        I find this article interesting because some ultra-Leftists in the US who support the UCPN-Maoist, call People’s Korea all sorts of names, even describing it as feudalist?

        There is even a father-son team, very good writers, who see no irony in their criticisms of Korea’s leadership for having strong family ties, like most anti-imperialist movements.

  4. “Korean Social Democratic Party
    Chongdoist Chungu Party (Religious)”

    Those are the two centrist parties. The Korean Truth Project (http://koreantruth.awardspace.com/) says this about these two organizations:

    “These parties are not opposition parties. They do not challenge Workers Party of Korea, but they are working side by side with it, and they share common goals. These two parties work hand in had with the main KWP in order to achieve its nation building and they do not confront KWP in achieving their objectives but instead via consultations.

    The KSDC was founded on 3rd November 1945. with the medium and small businessman, some peasants and Christians with the base of anti-imperialism and anti-feudalism of the people’s masses to eradicate the consequences of the occupation of the Japanese Empire and build a democratic society. Its more important goals are:

    – Keep the Chajusong (self-reliance) of the nation.
    – Preserve democracy in the political arena.
    – Develop the ecnomic socialist system.
    – Increase the life standards of the people
    – Promote the national arts and culture
    – Fight for the peaceful and independent reunification of Korea

    Has more than 30.000 members and a good organizational system at all levels (national, province, city and district).


    The Chondoist Party Chong-u is a democratic organization founded on 8th february 1946 inspired in the patriotic idea of ‘defence of the country and security for the people’. the independence spirit of ‘reject the westerners and the Japanese’ as well as participate for building the national sovereignty and the construction of a rich and powerful state. It has near 13.000 members.

    Additional comparison note: The WPK has near 5 million members.

    ” The Korean Social Democratic Party is aimed at seeking social justice and protecting the interests of the mass and the nation. Its present chairman is Kim Pyong Sik, who is Vice President of the DPRK government. The SDP which was founded on Nov. 3 in 1945, is mainly supported by section of workers, farmers, intellectuals, and religious people. Its main task is to construct an independent society and achieve an independent national reunification. At present, the party enjoys 51 deputies to the Supreme People’s Assembly, 890 high-ranking officials and clerks in local autonomies, and 189 in central and local administration and economic organizations.”

    And also: ” The Chongdoist Chungu Party which was founded on Feb. 8, 1946, represents the interests of the nation and the Chondoists who are mainly farmers. The religious party which inherits the noble spirit of farmers who participated in anti-poverty struggles in the 1890s and the March 1 Popular Uprising against Japanese colonial rule in 1919, adopts innechon (Man is heaven) as its guiding idea. The innechon idea is based on the spirit of the pedal nation (the earliest name for Korea) which stresses the need to pay deep respect to and take care of human beings. Its immediate task is to attain an independent and peaceful reunification of the fatherland with great national unity and create an equal society of “insan muin” (no person above person) and “inha muin” (no person bellow person), and its ultimate goal is to found a heaven on earth which is compatible with nature and society. The party actively participates in politics with its 22 SPA deputies, 300 local government officials and clerks and 276 in central and local administrative and economic organizations. It is chaired by Ms. Ryu Mi Yong, Standing Committee Member of the Supreme People’s Assembly.”

    Hope this helps.

    • So basically they play a role more or less like the United Front Parties in the People’s Republic of China?

    • This also dispels the myth by ultra-leftist maoists, Trotskyists, & anti-communists of there being only one party present in the DPRK. In which, to their own satisfaction, is used to help them make clear fallacious lies such as that there is no democratic procedures taking place within the DPRK.

  5. This is great information, Comrade. It’s amazing at how much propaganda is out there against the DPRK. Much support is going to them as they find their selves in the midst of war against South Korea & the US imperialists.

    Red Love & Salutes!

  6. Amazing how the Korean masses have chosen to install the grandson of Kim Il Sung as their incoming leader. Hereditary monarchy? Absolutist state? This article is utterly reactionary and willfully blind. It contains no information (or interest) in the lives of common people outside of arranged pageants and Potemkin village reporting. It’s a disservice to the communist movement, and does no one any favors. It should also be mentioned that this is not an official position of the UCPNM. No doubt the range of opinion on the DPRK is greater than what US media would concede… that said, hereditary monarchies have NOTHING to do with socialism anymore than the mystical authoritarianism of Juche has anything to do with Marxism.

  7. It’s not a monarchy in the sense that no democratic process is available towards the election of their leaders. When one leader dies, then whoever they chose as their successor will then come to power. But, there’s also elections held by the WPK, which as one we witnessed not too long ago. There, they elected hundreds of government officials, along with electing once again Kim Jong-Il as their leader.

    The change of hands in leadership is always possible, and the DPRK is no exception. Whether it be a successor among the family unit, or a close comrade of yours, the DPRK hasn’t been the only country to embrace such. Should I mention Hua Guofeng?

  8. Though it is the view of Krisna Bahadur Mahara, standing committee member of NCP- Maoist . But it is not the view of our Party . It is not the view of other party members and comrades. Juchhe ideology is far from Marxism . K B Mahara was the Minister of Communication and Information in the government lead by Prachand the suprimo of Communist Party of Nepal [ Maoist] . But we intellectuals and writers, who faught Ten years Peoples War in Nepal, differ from Prachand and Mahara . We disagree with the view of KB Mahara. I like to inform you that there is sharp twoline struggle within our party . And I also disagree with B j Murphy, that we are not Ultra leftist, but genuine revolutionaries , and we hate Trotskyists also .

    • Oh, don’t get me wrong, I wasn’t calling all Maoists ultra-leftist. This was going more along the lines towards those of Kasama.

    • Then I hope that solidarity forms a great unity aspect of the Communist Party of Nepal, or one again a useless division among the Communist movement that’ll do nothing more then harm us.

  9. The article says, “The government is responsible to all the sectors of the Korean people. There is a close relationship between the government and the people. ”
    It is not clear to me how this relates to the dictatorship of the proletariat. Is it the line of the KWP?

  10. great picture! where can i get a large copy of it?

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