Tag Archives: Nepal

CPN (Maoist) national convention: beginning the great debate

imga0397The following article by Indra Mohan Sigdel ‘Basanta’ is from The Red Star, a newspaper of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). The CPN-Maoist is at the head of a revolutionary coalition government following a decade-long people’s war. This article goes into the results of the recent national convention of the CPN-Maoist which set itself the task of debating how to move forward with the revolution:

The Nepalese People’s Revolution is now at a crucial juncture, full of opportunities and challenges. On the one hand, the possibilities are so great that the party’s success to develop a scientific ideological and political line consistent with the present objective condition could lead the Nepalese people’s revolution to a victorious accomplishment. And also, it could be a new opening of the world proletarian revolution in the beginning of the twenty-first century. While on the other hand, its failure to do so would lead to a disastrous consequence leading to an extensive demoralisation of the oppressed classes not only in Nepal but the world over. Therefore, in short, the recent National Convention of our party, the CPN (Maoist), has had an international dimension.

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Reform or Revolution: The Debate in the CPN-Maoist

The following article, “The party debate : revolution or reform” by Kul Prasad KC ‘Sonam’ is from The Red Star, a newspaper of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). The CPN-Maoist are now leading a coalition government to draft a new constitution after fighting a decade-long people’s war with their People’s Liberation Army. This article reflects a very important two-line struggle within the CPN-Maoist that has come into the open about how to move forward. For some background on the revolutionary struggle in Nepal please see my other posts on Nepal.

The party debate : revolution or reform

- Kul Prasad KC ‘Sonam’

Nepal is still in a semi-colonial and semi-feudal state. No drastic change has occurred; there can be no change in contradiction in the political situation until there is a fundamental change in the mode of production. Therefore, in this type of political situation, there are still the same solutions; national and sovereign independence against semi-colonial domination. So, this is the situation of the Democratic People’s Movement.

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CPN-Maoist Cde. Bastola: On Election Tactics and Ongoing Class War

CPN-Maoist Prachanda, now Prime Minister, pictured here with the People's Liberation Army

CPN-Maoist Chairman Prachanda, now Prime Minister of Nepal, pictured here with the People's Liberation Army

Thanks to Revolution in South Asia for posting this significant interview, by the World Peoples Resistance Movement (Britain), with Comrade Bastola, a member of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) central committee. It is a little dated, from June 2008, but it is packed with interesting information and analysis. This interview was published on the Maoist Revolution e-list.

Q: What is the situation in Nepal?

A: Regarding the Constituent Assembly elections, they did not expect that results in the election would be like this. The biggest party, the CPN (Maoist), is in such a position that if you aggregate even the number of elected persons of the Congress [Nepal Congress party] and the UML [United Marxist-Leninist party] they are smaller in number than the [Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)] CPN(M) candidates in the elections. Why did this happen, when they didn’t want to be in a position to hold the election unless they are ensured that they would win. That was the situation. What happened then? News agencies were investigating as to who was going to win the election and these agencies were suggesting that the Maoists would win just ten to fifteen seats. They predicted that Maoists in any condition would not win more than twenty seats. That’s what the critics were expecting. Continue reading

Questions and Answers with Comrade Prachanda

Thanks to Revolution in South Asia for posting these videos from the Q&A section of Comrade Prachanda’s speaking event at the New School in NYC, September 26th. After leading the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and the People’s Liberation Army in a decade long People’s War to topple the hated monarchy, Prachanda was elected Prime Minister of a revolutionary coalition government charged with writing a new constitution. The audio of the program is available as well. The video below is in five parts.

Part 1 Continue reading

We are being encircled by the reactionaries: Interview with Comrade Basanta

The following interview is from the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)’s paper, The Red Star:

We are being encircled by the reactionaries

– Indramohan Sigdel ‘Basanta’,

Central Committee Member, CPN (Maoist)

The CPN (Maoist) is now at the stage of peaceful revolution. Revolution in itself is meant to politically overthrow the enemy from state power. How can you recognize your enemy at this peaceful stage?

Generally speaking, the revolution is meant to violently overthrow the class enemy from the state power. However, one must not one-sidedly understand that the revolution necessarily takes a violent form all through its course. The form of struggle is determined not by the subjective wish of the struggling forces but of course by the objective condition and the balance of forces at the given period. At a certain juncture and certain condition, the revolution can develop in a peaceful way. Our participation in the two negotiations in the past and the present peace process are examples of peaceful development of revolution. Nevertheless, it is wrong to categorically separate revolution as two distinct stages, the violent or peaceful, as your question points to. Continue reading

Conversation with a Maoist Revolutionary: Baburam Bhattarai to speak in Washington DC

Dr. Bhattarai speaks at a mass rally in Nepal

The Sigur Center for Asian Studies Presents:

Title: Conversation with a Maoist Revolutionary

In the Sigur Center’s Lecture Series on Subnational Asia

Speaker: Dr. Baburam Bhattarai, Minister of Finance, Nepal

Baburam Bhattarai is Nepal’s Finance Minister. He was the second in command and chief ideologue of the Maoist guerillas, who led a decade-long armed uprising against the state and the monarchy.  Dr. Bhattarai was instrumental in bringing his party to a successful peace process. Dr. Bhattarai is a senior member of the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist’s Secretariat, the highest governing body of the party. After just one month in the Finance Ministry, he has released an ambitious 2009 budget aimed at poverty alleviation.  He is the author of The Nature of Underdevelopment and Regional Structure of Nepal: A Marxist Analysis (2003), Politico-Economic Rationale of People’s War in Nepal (1998) and Nepal’s Principles of Revolution. Bhattarai received his B.A. in Architecture from Chandigarh (India) in 1977 and completed his Ph.D. from Jawaharlal Nehru University (New Delhi) in 1986.

Date: Thursday, October 9, 2008

Time: 11:30 – 12:45 pm

Place: Lindner Family Commons, The Elliott School of International Affairs, 6th Floor, 1957 E Street, NW

RSVP: Please RSVP with your name, organization/GW affiliation, and e-mail to gsigur@gwu.edu by Tuesday, October 7, 2008.

Prachanda: We are for a People’s Republic of Nepal

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and its People’s Liberation Army waged a ten year people’s war that deposed the Nepali monarchy. Now the CPN-Maoist is in the lead of a popularly elected revolutionary coaltion government charged with drafting a new constitution for the Himilayan country. Their leader, Prachanda, was elected to the post of Prime Minister. Now the Central Committe of the CPN-Maoist is meeting to discuss these questions. The following article is from Nepal CA Portal. Please see also my post, Towards a People’s Republic of Nepal? along with my other posts on Nepal.

We’re for people’s republic: PM


CPN-Maoist Chairman and Prime Minister Pushpa Kamal Dahal has said that a federal democratic republic is his party’s transitional objective and its long-term goal is to go for a people’s republic, according to a member of the party’s central committee.

In a political paper presented at the party’s central committee today, Dahal said a people’s republic is suitable for Nepal’s geo-politics, adding, his party would not accept parliamentary democracy as practiced in Nepal. Continue reading

Towards a People’s Republic of Nepal?

The Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) led a ten year people’s war that deposed the Nepali monarchy. Now the CPN-Maoist is in the lead of a popularly elected revolutionary coaltion government charged with drafting a new constitution for the country. The following article, concerning questions of what form the government of the New Nepal will take, is form the Nepal Constituent Assembly Portal. To clearly understand exactly what Comrade Gaurav is talking about, it may be helpful to read this along with Mao Zedong’s “The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party” and “On the People’s Democratic Dictatorship“. 

‘Nepal Maoist committed to Peoples’ Republic ‘

Comrade Gaurav (left) with Filipino revolutonary leader Jose Maria Sison in the The Netherlands, 9/23/08

Comrade Gaurav (left) with Filipino revolutonary leader Jose Maria Sison in the The Netherlands, 9/23/08

The Nepal-Maoists’ International Bureau Chief Mr. C.P. Gajurel alias Gaurav speaking at a journalist interaction program in the capital on Wednesday have made it clear to all and sundry that the Maoists are totally committed to writing a constitution that will be based on a Peoples’ Republican Framework.

“We will at any cost draft a Peoples’ Republican Constitution”, said Gajurel who had a short stint in the Europe recently.

“The System of Federal Democratic Republic is the continuation of the status quo…we are looking for a different system…our final target is to declare Nepal a peoples’ republic”.

“Our decade long revolt was meant for that and we are totally committed to reach the said target”.

“Democracy and Parliament- are only a dilemma…let us not confuse ourselves anymore, a parliamentary system of democracy has failed in the world entire”.

“We are very clear that the entire Nepali population will support our party in our endeavor”.

Mr. Gajurel made these remarks at the Reporters Club in Kathmandu.

NDFP Negotiating panel meets CPN-Maoist’s Comrade Gaurav

The following is from the Philippine Revolution Web Central:

NDFP Negotiating panel meets Comrade Gaurav

Ruth de Leon
Executive Director
International Information Office
National Democratic Front of the Philippines (NDFP)
September 24, 2008

The NDFP Negotiating Panel represented by Luis Jalandoni, Chairperson, and Fidel Agcaoili, Member, with Prof. Jose Maria Sison, Chief Political Consultant of the NDFP Negotiating Panel, met with Chandra Prakash Gajurel (popularly known as Comrade Gaurav), and an assistant, on 23 September 2008 in The Netherlands. Continue reading

Prachanda’s address to the United Nations

Prachanda led a ten year long people’s war as the Chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and the Supreme Commander of People’s Liberation Army. After deposing the King and establishing a revolutionary coalition government, he was recently elected to the post of Prime Minister. The following is a transcript of Prachanda’s Sept. 26th address to the UN General Assembly, posted here from Democracy and Class Struggle. Please see also the other articles on Nepal here on the ML blog.

Mr. President,
Mr. General Secretary,
Distinguished Delegates

1.At the outset, allow me to congratulate you on your election as the President of this Assembly and to assure you of my delegation’s full cooperation in discharging your responsibilities. I also thank the UN Secretary General for his comprehensive report on the work of the UN and his positive reference to the situation obtaining in Nepal.

Mr. President,

2. It is indeed a historic opportunity for me to address this august Assembly as the first Prime Minister of Nepal of the newest republic of the world. As I stand here in front of the global leadership, I think of the long struggle that I and my party waged with single mindedness for the liberation of the common man from the clutches of the age-old suppression, deprivation, marginalization and outright negligence of the then existing polity. My fellow countrymen and women, toiling in the mountains and valleys, working day and night in the low lands and the urban areas and yet unable to ensure even the simple necessities of life for his or her family had a hope and expectation that one day they would lead a decent life with equal rights and opportunities and be recognized as respectful citizens of the country. We are at this significant turning point in the political history of Nepal. Continue reading