Tag Archives: South Asia

Documentary about People’s War in India

Here is an interesting two-part documentary about the communist people’s war in India. Of particular interest is the discussion of the dreadful Salwa Judum death squads.

CMKP Lashes U.S. Gunboat Diplomacy

The following statement has been issued by the Central Secretariat of the Communist Mazdoor Kissaan Party Pakistan (Communist Workers Peasants Party – CMKP) on the American or NATO military incursions into the sovereign territory of Pakistan. I am reposting this from Red Diary.

Theory of Communism, a solution to the Capitalist system! - CMKP

Theory of Communism, a solution to the Capitalist system! - CMKP

Increasing horrendous and horrifying wanton American military intrusions into the sovereign Pakistani territory smack of imperialist gunboat diplomacy for US hegemony in the region in order to perpetuate its military occupation of Afghanistan where the NATO forces or US-led coalition soldiers have actually failed to subdue the indigenous resistance in whatever form that is another issue. The crux of the matter is foreign invasion and military occupation of Afghanistan that was an independent and sovereign country which has been enslaved by the US imperialism. Continue reading

Prachanda to speak in New York

The following is from the India China Institute at the New School.

India China Institute, in partnership with Nepali organizations, invite you to attend:

A MAOIST VISION FOR A NEW NEPAL

Friday, September 26, 2008 | 6PM – 8PM
Tishman Auditorium, Alvin Johnson/J.M. Kaplan Hall,
66 West 12th Street

A public talk by Pushpa Kamal Dahal, also known as Prachanda (‘The Fierce One’), the first democratically elected Maoist Prime Minister of Nepal, the Worlds Youngest Democratic Republic!

Remarks by Andrew Arato, Dorothy Hart Hirshon Professor of Political & Social Theory, The New School.

Q&A session moderated by Kul Gautam, Senior Fellow, India China Institute.

Nepal’s Prime Minister, Pushpa Kamal Dahal, also known as Prachanda (‘The Fierce One’), came to power in August 2008 following his party’s success in the country’s first-ever Constituent Assembly elections. Chairman of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and leader of its People’s Liberation Army, he led a decade-long People’s War (1996-2006) with the goals of ending Nepal’s monarchy and creating a new federal republic. Continue reading

New Nepal’s ‘Common Minimum Program’

Prime Minister of Nepal, CPN-Maoist Chairman Prachanda

Prime Minister of Nepal, CPN-Maoist Chairman Prachanda

The following is from the Nepal Constituent Assembly Portal. For more on Nepal where the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) now leads a revolutionary coalition government following a decade-long people’s war, please see my other posts in the Nepal section of The Marxist-Leninist. This article is from the Conflict Study Center, an NGO, and as of yet, this article is the only english language source that I know of that contains even so much as excerpts of the new Common Minimum Program. This is important for those interested in the Nepalese Revolution and where it is going. I have added some formatting (bold headings for ease of reading) to the original article:

Is New Nepal Heading Toward [Maoist] People’s Republic?

02/09/2008- Common Minimum Program
Conflict Study Center

On August 21, 2008, the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), CPN (UML) and Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (MJF) agreed on the Common Minimum Program (CMP), Code of Conduct (CoC), Modus Operandi of the Government (MOG) and the formation of a Political Coordination Committee (PCC). The documents were signed by Prime Minister and President of the CPN (Maoist) Puspa Kamal Dahal (Prachanda), UML General Secretary Jhala Nath Khanal, and Forum chair Upendra Yadav.

The 50-point CMP is divided into: (i) Nationalism, (ii) Federal Democratic Republic, (iii) Peace and Security, (iv) Relief and Reconstruction, and (v) Socio-Economic Transformation. Continue reading

Prachanda Interview

This two part interview was conducted only a few days after Prachanda’s election to the Constituent Assembly in April of this year. Prachanda is the leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). He led a people’s war against the tyrannical feudal monarchy for ten years. He is now the Prime Minister of a revolutionary coalition government in Nepal.

Fight Back! News: Revolutionary Elected Prime Minister of Nepal

This article is from Fight Back! News

Revolutionary Elected Prime Minister of Nepal

CPN-Maoist Chairman Prachanda, PM of Nepal

CPN-Maoist Chairman Prachanda, PM of Nepal

The revolution in Nepal took another step forward with the election of Pushpa “Prachanda” Dahal voted in as the first Prime Minister on August 15th. He won overwhelmingly with 464 of 577 votes cast in the 601 person National Assembly. The loser from the Congress Party obtained 113 votes. This defeat is important because the Congress Party represents the old landowners and wealthy bosses who are putting up roadblocks as the people march towards a new Nepal. The new Prime Minister, Prachanda, as he is popularly known, is the leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), and the vote reflects both the mandate granted to his party by the people and the unity built with twenty-one other parties. This new phase of the revolution, ruling the country, follows ten years of fighting a people’s war against a corrupt and hated monarchy and the rich elite. The monarchy is history. The people of Nepal are in power. In the nationwide elections, held in April of this year, Prachanda’s party was overwhelmingly favored, getting nearly double the next highest tally for any other party. The CPN (M) ran on a platform of creating a democratic republic, national development for the benefit of all, and equal rights for Nepal’s neglected minorities. Continue reading

Baburam Bhattarai on New Democratic Revolution and Prachanda Path

This video first went up on the Revolution in South Asia website. Below is an article by Bhattarai in the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) newspaper, The Red Star. Dr. Bhattarai is a top leader of the CPN-Maoist and the Finance Minister of the revolutionary coalition government of the new Nepal.

Prachanda: leader of the new era

Baburam Bhattarai

Baburam Bhattarai speaking at a mass rally.

Dr. Baburam Bhattarai speaking at a mass rally.

Today, the history of Nepal will be written in gold. We have ended the epoch of the rule of feudalist monarchy, and entered into the era of Federal Democratic Republic. Unfortunately, for four months we were unable to elect our chariot driver for the new era. At the moment, we can hear the cries and excuses of the defeated. We know that the old train driver who drove the train for many years had become too old to drive. But he refused to hand over the authority to the new younger driver. Instead, he tried to pull the train back.      

It was not that the Maoist could not assemble a national consensus; rather they were denied the possibility of forming a national consensus. Who were creating these obstacles? Yet, by overcoming these obstacles, the process is moving ahead. The march of history cannot be stopped. Listen, friends from Congress; this is not the time to weep and cry, instead it is time for all to respect and follow the verdict of history. During a certain period of history, the NC also was also more or less against the monarchy; the NC also struggled for democracy. Therefore, we worked together with the NC since the 12 point understanding; the Comprehensive Peace Accord; and the election of the CA up to the declaration of the Federal Democratic Republic. However, a new era demands a new leadership; the Nepalese people have demanded a new leadership for a new Nepal through the electoral mandate. The new leadership should have come into being right after the people’s verdict, but it was prevented from doing so. Because of this, we were forced to live without any leadership for four months. Continue reading

Red Star: Maoist leads from top of the world

The following is an article from the newest issue of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) paper, Red Star, “Maoist leads from top of the world“. This issue, following directly upon the election of the CPN-Maoist chairman, Prachanda, to the post of Prime Minister, is very important. I highly reccomend people also read the many important articles in this issue to better appraise the current situation in Nepal, in particular “Present situation and our challenges“. A good summation of the history of this revolution up until very recently is the pamphlet released by Freedom Road Socialist Organization, “Revolution at the Roof of the World“. This pamphlet is available as a screen viewable and printable pdf and a pamplet layout pdf. Check out my recent post, A Closer Look at Nepal’s New Democratic Revolution.

Maoist leads from top of the world

Cover of the new issue of "The Red Star"

Cover of the new issue of "The Red Star"

After waging a 10 year long armed struggle, and after a stunning victory in the Constituent Assembly election, the Communist Party of Nepal-Maoist hoisted the red flag on top of the world. Puspa Kamal Dahal, aka ‘Prachanda’, the Chairman of CPN-Maoist, has been elected as the first Prime Minister of Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal, and he is set to lead the government. With 464 votes out of 577, Prachanda leaves his rival Nepali Congress leader Sher Bahadur Deuba far behind with 113 votes.

Born in a poor farmer’s family 54 years ago in Kaski, Prachanda was the leader of the 10 year long People’s War and the Supreme Commander of People’s Liberation Army. Prachanda was the common Prime Ministerial candidate of the CPN-Maoist, the CPN-UML and the Madhesi Janadhikar Forum (MJF); 21 out of the 25 parties in the CA supported him. Although the Maoist attempt to form a government on national consensus failed because of the Nepali Congress; more than 80 percent of the vote went for a government led by Prachanda; it is significant for a government of national consensus.

The victory of the Maoist leader for the post of Prime Minister and the new government under the leadership of the CPN-M has brought great happiness and hope to the majority of the people in Nepal. Nepal suffers from anarchy, food shortage, inflation, and a fuel crisis. There is much hope among the people in the victory of a revolutionary leader who has been involved in politics for 37 years. Continue reading

A Closer Look at Nepal’s New Democratic Revolution

As the revolution in Nepal marches forward many are looking to understand this important struggle led by the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist). Here is a sort of annotated bibliography for getting a clearer understanding of what is happening in Nepal from a Marxist-Leninist viewpoint.

Background Material

"Revolution at the Roof of the World"

Freedom Road pamphlet: "Revolution at the Roof of the World"

These articles and resources should help the reader get a clearer understanding of how the CPN-Maoist advanced through the decade long people’s war to where they are today, having swept away the monarchy, winning the most seats to the Constituent Assembly, and having their leader, Chairman Prachanda, elected Prime Minister.

A good summation of the history up until very recently is the pamphlet released by Freedom Road Socialist Organization, “Revolution at the Roof of the World“. This pamphlet is available as a screen viewable and printable pdf and a pamplet layout pdf.

Some of Mao’s writings are helpful here, particularly “The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party” and “On Protracted War“. “On Protracted War” explains how a revolutionary force in an underdeveloped country can progress through three stages in armed struggle: Strategic Defense, Strategic Equilibrium, and Strategic Offensive. A good article looking at the people’s war period of the struggle is “Movement Fights Poverty and Oppression in Nepal” from Fight Back! News (this article is also included in the pamphlet “Revolution at the Roof of the World“). There is also a lot of background material on the RCP’s People’s War in Nepal page.

New Democracy and the Strategy of the CPN-Maoist

The Nepalese Maoist’s strategy is based on the two-stage theory of New Democracy which the great Chinese revolutionary leader, Mao Zedong, developed for revolution in Third World (colonial, semi-colonial and semi-feudal) countries. The most concise explanation is probably found in Mao’s textbook for new cadres, “The Chinese Revolution and the Chinese Communist Party” Continue reading

Prachanda elected PM in Nepal

This is a HUGE victory for the Nepalese people, with the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) at their head. This is a decisive blow against the reactionary Nepali Congress Party, the main bourgeois party that has long been trying to sabotage the coalition government and hold back the revolution. In Nepal, the Prime Minister is (correct me if I’m wrong) also the Defense Minister, in supreme command of the Nepal Army. This has been a major point of contention along with the problem of integrating the Nepal Army with the CPN-Maoist’s People’s Liberation Army. So the election of the CPN-Maoist Chairman Prachanda to PM seems to, at least theoretically, keep control of the armed forces of Nepal in the hands of the revolutionary masses, which is of decisive importance, for, as Mao Zedong said, “Without a people’s army, the people have nothing.” For some background on all of this, I would suggest people take a look at Freedom Road’s recent pamphlet on the revolution in Nepal. The article below, from the bourgeois news outlet, AFP, has a lot of info, but is filled with a lot of sensationalist language as well, so take it with a grain of salt.

Prachanda with the People's Liberation Army

Prachanda with the People's Liberation Army

Ex-rebel Maoist chief elected as Nepal’s new PM

The vote clears the way for the ultra-leftists, still listed by the United States as a terrorist organisation, to plough ahead with their vow to radically reform one of the world’s poorest nations.

The vote in Nepal’s constitutional assembly also ends months of political deadlock that followed the sacking of unpopular king Gyanendra and the abolition of the 240-year-old monarchy. Continue reading