This selection from Joseph Stalin’s lectures on The Foundations of Leninism is worth thinking about when evaluating such questions as whether or not proletarian revolutionaries should support anti-imperialist governments or liberation struggles, such as the Iranian government or the Afghan national resistance, which are not led by the proletariat or oriented towards socialism:
Posted in Anti-War / Anti-Intervention, Imperialism, Marxism-Leninism, National Liberation, Theory
Tagged anti-imperialism, Lenin, national independence, National Liberation, proletarian internationalism, solidarity, Stalin, United Front
The following statement by by Al. Papariga, General Secretary of the CC of KKE, is from the website of the Communist Party of Greece (KKE). It is useful to understand the strategic and tactical approach of the Greek Communists in the current crisis:
KKE has always exposed, especially after 1991, the deception concerning the ceaseless development of capitalism, competitiveness and productivity with the supposed common benefit for workers and capitalists alike. It spoke of the inevitable economic crisis in all the capitalist economies. It predicted the crisis, the inevitability of a deep and sudden sharpening of all social contradictions and intra-imperialist ones.
The following is a significant statement from Ang Bayan, the organ of the Communist Party of the Philippines. This message from the CPP to the New People’s Army is an important development of their line of advancing the People’s War in the Philippines from the stage of strategic defensive to strategic stalemate. See also their previous statements on this question, Strive to make a great advance in the People’s War for New Democracy and Raise the Level of People’s War in the New Decade:
Advance from strategic defensive to strategic stalemate
Message to the New People’s Army from the Central Committee, Communist Party of the Philippines, March 29, 2010
On the occasion of the 41st founding anniversary of the New People’s Army (NPA), we salute the Red commanders and fighters and pay our highest respects to our revolutionary martyrs and heroes. We congratulate the rank and file for the victories won in the past year and urge them on to garner further victories in the revolutionary struggle for national liberation and democracy.
Since we announced our strategic plan to advance from the stage of strategic defensive to that of strategic stalemate in the protracted people’s war, our Party cadres and members, Red commanders and fighters, mass activists, allies and the broad masses of the people have been enthusiastically discussing the basis, political requirements and strategy and tactics for the advance. Why and how shall we succeed?
Posted in Marxism-Leninism, Philippines
Tagged Armed Struggle, Communist Party of the Philippines, dual power, Gloria M. Arroyo, guerrilla warfare, National Liberation, New People's Army, Oplan Bantay Laya, Protracted People's War, Revolution, strategy and tactics, United Front
The following statement is from the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist):
Greetings of 15th Anniversary of the People’s War
On the auspicious occasion of the 15th Anniversary of the Great People’s War launched with the goal of new democratic revolution, we extend our heartfelt Best Wishes and militant salutation to the entire Nepalese people and working people the world over. In this historic occasion, we would like to remind you the reality that the Nepalese revolution is heading towards the decisive turning point of great possibilities and serious challenges. On this occasion, expressing our emotional homage to all the great martyrs of People’s War, we would like to recall with high regard the disappeared fighters. We revise our strong resolution and firm commitment to move forward to the direction of ceaseless revolution to make the Great Dreams of the Martyrs come true. On this historical occasion of the People’s War Day, we express our deep sympathy to the wounded, disabled and the victims suffering from the damage of life and property in the course of people’s war.
Posted in Marxism-Leninism, Nepal
Tagged Armed Struggle, Badal, guerrilla warfare, New Democracy, People's Liberation Army, People's War, Prachanda, Protracted People's War, Ram Bahadur Thapa, Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist), United Front
The following is from the website of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine:
Comrade General Secretary Ahmad Sa’adat, the imprisoned leader of the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine, praised the steadfastness of all forces and factions of the Palestinian people and stressed the urgency of culminating the achievements of the resistance in Gaza with national unity in order to defeat the political goals of the occupation – fostering internal Palestinian division in order to impose the political projects of the U.S. and Israel upon our people.
This article by Harry Haywood, originally printed in the September 1933 issue of the The Communist, is from A Documentary History of the Negro People in the United States, edited by Herbert Aptheker. According to the editor, the original article “is published below, in part, with the essential argumentation intact.” I am making this article available on the Internet for the first time. For more on this history of the African American National Question, see Freedom Road Socialist Organization’s Unity Statement on National Oppression, National Liberation and Socialist Revolution and The Third International and the struggle for a correct line on the African American National Question.
THE STRUGGLE FOR THE LENINIST POSITION ON THE NEGRO QUESTION IN THE UNITED STATES
by Harry Haywood
The present program of our Party on the Negro question was first formulated at the Sixth Congress of the Communist International, in 1928. On the basis of the most exhaustive consideration of all the peculiarities, historical development, economic, living and cultural conditions of the Negro people in the United States as well as the experience of the Party in its work among Negroes, that Congress definitely established the problem of the Negroes as that of an oppressed nation among whom there existed all the requisites for a national revolutionary movement against American imperialism.
This estimation was a concrete application of the Marxist-Leninist conception of the national question to the conditions of the Negroes and was predicated upon the following premises: first, the concentration of large masses of Negroes in the agricultural regions of the Black Belt, where they constitute a majority of the population; secondly, the existence of powerful relics of the former chattel slave system in the exploitation of the Negro toilers – the plantation system based on sharecropping, landlord supervision of crops, debt slavery, etc.; thirdly, the development, on the basis of these slave remnants, of a political superstructure of inequality expressed in all forms of social proscription and segregation; denial of civil rights, right to franchise, to hold public offices, to sit on juries, as well as in the laws and customs of the South. This vicious system is supported by all forms of arbitrary violence, the most vicious being the peculiar American institution of lynching. All of this finds its theoretical justification in the imperialist ruling class theory of the “natural” inferiority of the Negro people. Continue reading
Posted in Black Liberation, Classics, FRSO, Imperialism, Theory
Tagged Black Belt, Black Liberation, Comintern, Communists in the U.S., Harry Haywood, Imperialism, National Liberation, national oppression, national question, Scottsboro, self-determination, Sharecroppers Union, theory, U.S. Oppressed Nations and Nationalities, United Front, Yokinen trial